SAMBA group Permissions Centos 7

Mary, Eve, Peter and Julian are coworkers in a new startup.

their share all documents in a samba share because they’re using cutting edge technologies.

One shared folder is mapped to a network drive inside these unit there are 4 folders, billing, marketing, projects and contracts, permisions are defined by the next matrix

They are a little special and they need to have all folders inside the network unit, because they waste a lot of time searching for server folders.

So let’s go to configure this samba server under Centos 7.

1.- we will need to install several packages


yum -y update

yum install epel-release

yum install samba samba-client samba-common vim

2.- Open several ports and enable services


systemctl enable smb.service
systemctl enable nmb.service
systemctl start smb.service
systemctl start nmb.service
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=samba
firewall-cmd --reload

3.- Create users

Each member of group needs an user


adduser   -s /sbin/nologin mary
adduser   -s /sbin/nologin eve
adduser   -s /sbin/nologin peter
adduser   -s /sbin/nologin julian

4.- Create Groups

each folder needs a group


groupadd billing
groupadd marketing
groupadd projects
groupadd contracts

5.- Join Groups and users

We will need to join users and groups


usermod -a -G billing mary
usermod -a -G marketing mary
usermod -a -G marketing eve
usermod -a -G projects eve
usermod -a -G projects peter
usermod -a -G contracts peter
usermod -a -G contracts julian
usermod -a -G billing julian

6.- Create samba config

we will edit our samba config, shared folder will be at /media/shared


vim /etc/samba/smb.conf

our config file should be like these


[global]
workgroup = SAMBA
security = user
name = THESERVER
passdb backend = tdbsam

[shared]
comment = shared folder
path = /media/shared
guest ok = no
guest only = no
write list = @billing, @marketing, @projects, @contracts
valid users = @billing, @marketing, @projects, @contracts
create mask = 660
directory mask = 2770

we need to inform selinux that /media/shared directory will be user by samba process


chcon -t samba_share_t /media/shared/

7 Create directory structure

we need to create our directory structure inside /media/shared and give correct permissions.


mkdir billing
mkdir marketing
mkdir projects
mkdir contracts

chgrp billing billing/

chgrp contracts contracts/

chgrp marketing marketing/

chgrp  projects projects/

and now here it’s the magic

all directories needs to have read and write permisions for group


chmod g+rw *

and we will enable Set Group ID for all directories


chmod g+s *

with Set Group ID SETGID all files created in each directory will have the same group that parent directory

8 Create password for users

each user needs to have a password to access to shared folder


smbpasswd -a mary

smbpasswd -a eve

smbpasswd -a peter

smbpasswd -a julian

Test if everything is working

Enjoy

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